Dhaka, Bangladesh
Research into root of extremism

Research into root of extremism

Peace in society is now at stake throughout the world. Economic progress and development of a country are next to impossible if peace is ruffled by violent extremism which may lead to terrorism. Experts at an international conference in the capital very recently underscored the need for carrying out extensive research to identify the root causes of extremism and work out effective preventive and peace-building measures. The experts also opined that Bangladesh needed to use and share the knowledge, experiences and expertise of other countries, if necessary, to tackle the issue fully. Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS) in collaboration with the Japan Foundation arranged the conference titled ‘Bangladesh in International Peace-building: Experience from Japan’. As experts say extremism is a kind of disease, we need to identify the underlining causes of the disease to treat it properly. When there is a debate on whether peace-building or preventive measures are indispensable for rooting out terrorism, both are essential to deal with extremism squarely. Force alone is not enough to keep extremism at bay without addressing its basic causes. Extensive and intensive research is the most important thing for eliminating extremism. It will be an uphill task for us to fight the problem out unless we know why the youths are radicalised socially and politically. Researchers, therefore, have to be encouraged and promoted to conduct thorough study on extremism and help the policy-makers get rid of it through their suggestions. Besides, correct organisational approach and plans depending on local culture are essential to combat violent extremism. Proper education, transparency of law enforcement agencies and rehabilitation of redicalised youths are also necessary to check extremism. Since prevention of extremism is a complicated job, it is not only law-enforcers’ concern. All stakeholders should, therefore, come forward to address the problem. Policymakers, researchers, civil society members should share their knowledge for better understanding of the causes, impact and solution to the violent extremism. As extremism is based on ideology and misinterpretation of religious lessons, it is imperative to engage a lot of well-versed clerics across the country who can give the right interpretations of religious teachings. The authorities should make further efforts to prove the social and economic status of youths so that they may be less vulnerable to extremism. Youths should be given proper scope to engage in sports and cultural activities as a means to keep them away from militancy. We hope, the authorities will take right steps to prevent violent extremism and build the society as an abode of permanent peace.

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