Dhaka, Bangladesh
International Mother Language Day

International Mother Language Day

By Sujayendra Das

International Mother Language Day Celebrations-cherishing the noble heritage of Bengali language, literature and culture as well as that of other mother languages of India, During the beginning of every English calendar year when the month of February is around the corner the mind of Bengalis deeply poignant and despondent as mid part of the said month is deeply linked with the heart and culture of Bengalis. Though the day is deeply linked with the Bengalis but later on, say around the beginning of the year 1999 we find that as per the directives of UNESCO ( United National Educational Social Cultural Organization) the day is being celebrated as International Mother Language Day. This means special reverence is being meted towards our respectable mother languages so that we should not forget our roots rather being so much prone towards English and other foreign languages. Though the main focusing is upon preservation of Bengali language as the literature is rich in heritage and traditions because being strong in mother language will no doubt pave the way towards grasp in English and other foreign languages. So every year we celebrate International Mother Language Day on February 21 in Dhaka, Kolkata, Agartala, Silchar and Karimgunj. Though the key celebrations take place wholeheartedly in the capital city of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh Dhaka. Celebrations also take place nowadays in Kolkata but not in comparison with that of Dhaka. In the subsequent paragraphs the impact of the celebrations of International Mother Language Day is analyzed deeply for the kind perusal of my revered readers of Dhaka, other cities of Bangladesh along with that of Indian cities like Kolkata, Agartala, Silchar and Karimgunj. Impact of the celebrations of International Mother Language Day celebrations: In the beginning the day used to be celebrated as Aamar Ekushe celebrations. Later on when the said celebrations started getting momentum we find that the day has been rechristened as International Mother Language Day celebrations that means paying special towards our respective mother languages. Now we find that from the available records every year the day is celebrated universally not in Bangladesh but also all over India and other parts of the globe where the dominance of the Bengalis are at its peak. The reason behind the euphoria of celebrating International Mother Language Day is multifarious because on this auspicious day we reminisce International Mother Language Day celebrations-cherishing the noble heritage of Bengali language, literature and culture. On this particular day in global history we find that the works of Poet and Noble Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bimal Mitra, Bimal Kar, Ashapurna Devi, Tarashankar Bannerjee, Manik Bandopadhyay, Suniti Kumar Chatterjee, Linguist Sukumar Sen, Bibhutibhusan Bandopadhayay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Bibhuti Bhusan Mukhopadhyay, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Sanjib Chattopadhyay, Saukat Osman, Shamshur Rahman, Humayan Ahmad, Legendary Birendra Krishna Bhadra, etc various other luminary figures of those days and in the later periods of time are deeply paid homage by their respective admirers. This is no doubt most intriguing to be noted by all the admirers of the above stated authors. Now there is a proverb that long drawn noble heritage of Bengali language and literature has been well salvaged due to the creation of Bangladesh. History behind the observance of Aamar Ekushey: Observance of International Mother Language Day has a chequered history of its own. In my previous columns pertaining to this auspicious day I have stated deeply behind the observance of it. Still for the benefit of many of my readers especially those belonging to the present generations let me deal with you some of the prominent historical data behind this historical movement. On this February 21, 2018, the movement will touch upon its 67th year after completion of its 66th year. As we are well aware that undivided India achieved its Independence in the year 1947 on August 15 from the clutches of colonial dominance. On the aftermath of Independence on August 15, 1947 Independent India was divided into two parts, India and Pakistan. Pakistan was further divided into two parts, East Pakistan and West Pakistan and then the first parliamentary session was convened in the year 1948 during the month of February 23. The first assembly session was convened in the modern port city of the then West Pakistan Karachi which is now a part of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In that first assembly session of Independent West Pakistan a proposal was adopted that Urdu should the national language of both West Pakistan and East Pakistan respectively. This raised huge tirade against the resolution being adopted by the then West Pakistan rulers. The members of parliament of the then East Pakistan raised massive uproar stating at any cost and logically speaking the mother language of that nation should be Bengali instead of Urdu language. Late Dhirendra Nath Datta, a member of parliament from Pabna was the brain behind the movement. This gained huge momentum which was joined by some fire branded students like Rafiq, Salam, Jabbar and Barkat who were joined later on by more students. So the real and extensive movement behind the salvation of Bengali language and literature along with culture begun exactly from February 21, 1952 the result of which finally ended with the formation of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. Why this day is referred to as International Mother Language Day: There is definitely logic available within us about the celebration of International Mother Language Day. It is well known to us that on this day we actually celebrate as Aamar Ekuhsey, as the celebration gained momentum United Nations Educational Social Cultural Organization decided to observe the day as International Mother Language Day which began in the year 1999 on November 17. This clearly signifies that like mother language ( local language of West Bengal, Tripura and Bangladesh) other mother languages of India and other parts of the globe should be accorded equal reverence so that all gets equal obeisance along with rest of the globe. That is why we evince with interest that nearly all mother languages of India along with rest of the globe are accorded equal reverence along other mother languages of the globe. That is why countries like China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Brazil, Germany, and Uruguay with Argentina are competing with different English speaking nations on different aspects very effectively. The above stated countries does not have problem in business, cultural and social spheres with various English speaking nations of the globe. Even readers might be well aware of that in United Nations Organization there is the scope for upgradation of different mother languages of the globe in different sessions of UNO. Summing up the above discourse one point becomes clear mother language in todays global political and social scenarios are gaining quite a good importance so that grasp over other languages can be easily improved. Through the observance of International Mother Language Day we feel dearly that importance of the rich creativities of Rabindra Nath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, Ashapurna Devi, Budhadeb Basu, Prativa Basu, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Samaresh Basu, Manik Bandopadhyay, Bhibhuti Bhusan Bandopadhayay, Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, Saradindo Bandopadhyay etc various other eminent writers of those days and as well as the later periods can be easily unearthed for the emancipation of Bengali culture as well as that of global ones. Apart from the above, added attraction pertaining to the observance of the day is the Book Fair from the beginning of February till its end which draws huge turnout.

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